Every piece of warehouse equipment has its own maintenance requirements. From large conveyors to push carts for order packing, each device needs to move and function properly. Forklifts are some of the most popular machines used in warehouses because they are efficient and easy to operate. In this guide, we’ll explain how forklift maintenance improves warehouse operations and the type of maintenance required for forklifts.
Why Are Forklifts So Common in Warehouses?
Forklifts serve many purposes in the warehouse. They transport large, heavy objects from one area to the next, and they lift pallets of objects onto the shelves. They are easy to maneuver and easy to drive, so workers can be quickly trained how to use them. Forklifts can be stored in small areas, freeing up more space in the warehouse for inventory and other equipment. They are some of the most versatile tools in the industry, and they’ll continue to be around for years to come.
Forklift Maintenance Checklist
In order for forklifts to continue doing their jobs, they have to be well maintained. This is just like a car. Proper maintenance extends the life of the machine, and it reduces safety hazards. Maintaining a forklift is much cheaper than replacing one, so these steps can help warehouse operators reduce their overhead. Here’s a quick checklist of forklift maintenance requirements:
- Change the oil the forklift. Much like a car’s oil, a forklift’s oil should be changed every few months. This will prevent combustion problems and it will improve the performance of the forklift. New oil also increases the fuel efficiency for the forklift, which saves money in the long run.
- Check fluid levels. Most forklifts use hydraulics to lift heavy objects. Hydraulics rely fluid. The hydraulic fluid may need to be topped off over time, just like the fuel. Forklifts also use antifreeze to prevent them from overheating. Top this off or replace it as needed.
- If one of the fluid levels is unexpectedly low, look for leaks. Check the reservoir and the floor underneath the forklift to see if there are any fluids lying around. If so, identify the source of the leak and repair it accordingly.
- Lubricate moving parts. If the forklift has started grinding or squeaking, it may be because some element needs new oil or grease. Some simple lube will fix those issues.
- Check the tire pressure regularly. Forklifts go throughout a warehouse, so their tires go through heavy wear. Nails, screws, shards of plastic, or other debris the floor can puncture and damage the tires. Of course, the floors should be cleaned regularly to prevent this issue, but some issues cannot be avoided. Check the tire pressure at least once a week to repair or replace tires if they’re damaged.
Most forms of forklift maintenance can be completed by warehouse workers, but there should also be a forklift mechanic available for major issues. With well-working forklifts in the warehouse, each department can get through the day smoothly.
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